Indonesia officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising 13,466 islands. It encompasses 33 provinces and 1 Special Administrative Region (for being governed by a pre-colonial monarchy) with over 238 million people, making it the world’s fourth most populous country. Indonesia’s republic form of government comprises an elected legislature and president. The nation’s capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world’s 10th largest by nominal GDP.
The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought the now-dominant Islam, while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence afterWorld War II. Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.
Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest – and politically dominant – ethnic group are theJavanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia’s national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika“ (“Unity in Diversity” literally,“many, yet one”), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.
|DEPARTURE/RETURN LOCATION||Ngurah Rai International Airport|
|DEPARTURE TIME||Please arrive at least 4 hours before the flight.|
After breakfast, pick up from hotel at 08.00 am to visit Kumbasari Traditional Market. Take a zooming look at the range of commodities of fresh fishes and meats, vegetables, fruits, offerings, incenses, spices, Balinese ritual utensils, garment, handicrafts and many more. Get acquainted with the merchants and or chat with buyer if you want to know more. Next visit is to the Museum of Bali which was built in 1932 displaying a large collection such as archaeological remains to ritual objects, paintings, woodcarving, masks, leather puppets and textiles and other utensils used in Balinese daily life. The tour continues by visits to Pupuan Monument, Jagatnatha temple and Werdhi Budaya (Art Centre), the venue of the yearly Bali Arts Festival. Tour ends with a visit to the Niti Mandala Monument, the symbol of Balinese liberation from the Dutch colony.